The preparation of the Report on the State of Civil Society in the EU and Russia was initiated because of the wish of many members of the EU-Russia Civil Society Forum to acquire more systematised information and assessments about NGOs and civil society development in different countries, especially in the EU member states. Even with cooperation, the civil society organisations from Russia and EU countries very often perceive each other’s problems, challenges and strategies as dissimilar and incomparable. Moreover, they often think that their problems are unique. This is especially true of Russian organisations, which seem to be more difficult to compare with other countries. These gaps in the perception of real and potential partners hinder further cooperation and limit its potential. The research conducted for this report should help build mutual understanding and aid in the search for new avenues for cooperation and exchange opportunities.